Nadi shodhan pranayama
Nadi shodhan pranayama is also known as anulom vilom. Nadi shodhan pranayama in the Shastras is called the most important pranayama and it has been given the status of nectar. To do this pranayama, first one should breathe from the left nostril; he should hold the air for a couple of seconds and then have to slowly exhale the air out from the right nostril. Then the same process should be done vice versa, from the right nostril to the left nostril. This is known to be the one round of anulom vilom. One should start with five rounds and then increase it gradually.

Bhastrika pranayama
In this pranayama one have to forcibly inhale the air into the lungs, hold the air for a couple of seconds and then exhale the air out with force.

Ujjayi pranayama
In this pranayama, one has to inhale the air slowly with both the nostrils while creating sound from the region where the thyroid gland is situated. He has to hold the air for a while and then exhale the air out from the left nostril by closing the right nostril with the finger.

Surya bhedana pranayama
In this pranayam one has to inhale the air from right nostril, hold the air for a while and then exhale it out from the left nostril.

Sheetkari pranayama
This pranayama requires breathing in such a way that while inhaling the air one should be producing a specific sound from the nostrils.

Sheetali pranayama
“Sheetali” is derived from the word “Sheetal” which means silent. This pranayama is known to relax the body.

Bhramari pranayama
The word “Bhramari” is derived from ‘Bhramar’, which means the muttering black bee. While practicing this pranayama, nostrils should produce the same muttering sound like a black bee, that’s why it is named a “Bhramari” pranayama.

Plavini pranayama
In Sanskrit “Plavan” means swimming. With regular practice of this pranayama, one can easily float in water like the leaves of lotus, that’s why it is named as plavini pranayama. In this pranayama, one has to hold the breath as long as possible.

Murcha pranayama
In Sanskrit “Murcha” means relief from mental pressures and this pranayama is known to give benefits to stress-related issues.

Kapalbhati pranayama
This pranayama needs continuous fast breathing in which the inhaling process should be fast, there is no need to hold the air and air should be exhaled out with force.

Precautions for pranayama
• If you are suffering from anemia problem and are very weak, then in such a situation, you should not do pranayama for more than 2 or 3 minutes.

• People, who recently had a head, heart or stomach surgery, should not do these pranayamas.

• Pregnant women should take certain precautions while practicing pranayama, they should do pranayama under the supervision of a yoga practitioner. They are recommended to do such breathing exercise slowly so that they could not trouble their pregnancy.

• Sheetkari and sheetali pranayama should be only done in the summer and should be avoided in winters.

• People dealing with high blood pressure and heart problems should avoid Bhastrika pranayama, kapalbhati pranayama, and surya bhedana pranayama.